Brihad means Giant in Sanskrit. The sculptures in this temple were carved big in size. It was built by a Tamil King, Raja Raja Chola 1 between 1003 and 1010 AD. It is located in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. This Temple represents Shaivisim, Vaishnavism and Shaktism too. The Vimana tower above the sanctum sanctorum is one of the biggest structures in south India.
In 2010, the Government of Tamil Nadu organised a grand celebration in honour of this Temple. They celebrated its 1000th anniversary. The local people in that time participated in building the Temple. The King ordered to engrave their names on tablets in that Temple. The temple was damaged by invaders and some artwork is now missing.
from the 5th to the 9th century over the Chalukya rule, A vast number of Hindu temple styles continued to develop. The temple complex integrates a large pillared and covered veranda in its spacious courtyard, with a perimeter of 450 metres and outside this pillared veranda, there are two walls of enclosure, the outer one being defensive and added in 1777 AD by the French colonial forces with gun-holes and used the temple as an arsenal.
The Brihadisvara temple continued the Hindu temple traditions of South India by adopting architectural and decorative elements, but its scale extensively exceeded the temples constructed before the 11th century. They constructed the Sanctum Sanctorum in Dravidian style. There are 81 Dance positions carved on the outer wall of the upper storey corridor wall.
–Viswanath Venkat Dasari